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The Investment Continuum: What Happens After the Deal is Closed?

Wednesday, September 6, 2023
Written by Venture360 - Sales Team
All Things SPV
The Investment Continuum: What Happens After the Deal is Closed?

So, the deal is sealed, and your investment is locked in. But what comes next? The truth is, the work is far from over. In the post-closing phase, a plethora of events can demand your attention, ranging from routine company updates to intricate distribution and exit activities. These Post Closing Activities (PCAs) can materialize at any time and for various reasons. Defining the exact scope of a PCA can be challenging, so in this article, we will delve into four common PCAs and explore the implications of these occurrences. We will specifically examine these PCAs from the perspective of investments channeled through a Fund or Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), where investors subscribe to and possess ownership of the SPV rather than the underlying asset itself.

Portfolio reporting

Any time your portfolio companies have another round of funding or other third-party validated valuation event, you’ll want to report that change back to your investors.

Depending on your fund or SPV’s information rights, you may be entitled to detailed updates on your portfolio companies’ growth and development through a variety of key performance indicators.

Venture360’s consolidated portfolio monitoring makes both valuations and metrics extremely easy to track and report. You can update metrics and valuations based on reports from founders, or give them direct access to update their own company profile, streamlining the whole process.

Transferring membership interests

While the assets within the fund are often illiquid, the membership interests in these funds offer greater liquidity. While these funds do not operate as secondary markets where investors trade their membership interests as a proxy for the actual shares, they do allow for transfers. Investors, whether facing financial constraints or seeking tax advantages by transferring their interests to a more tax-efficient entity they own, have the option to initiate transfers. Access to LLC interests is a contractual right, and with appropriate transfer agreements in place, the process of transferring an LLC interest is relatively straightforward.

The challenge with membership transfers lies in managing allocations and tax treatment. After the transferor and transferee execute the interest transfer contract, the fund manager must adjust the ledger to ensure that the correct investor receives both the rightful portion of payouts and the necessary tax documents. Additionally, if the fund's assets generate interest, the value of members' investments increases proportionally. Consequently, when an investor transfers their interest, the tax treatment must accurately reflect the entry of the new investor and the departure of the previous investor.


Convertible debt is a financial instrument wherein investors purchase notes from a company with the expectation that the debt's value will convert into equity. This approach offers numerous advantages, including a streamlined, cost-effective process for both companies and investors. It eliminates the need for protracted negotiations over the company's valuation. However, for investors to realize the value of their purchase, the debt must eventually convert into equity.

Conversions typically occur in one of two ways: either by reaching the maturity date or via a qualified financing event. The maturity date serves as a contractual backstop for the debt, allowing investors to demand equity payment. Importantly, investors are not obligated to convert their debt upon maturity and may choose to continue accruing interest. The more common trigger for conversion is a qualified financing event, where the company raises funds according to the debt's provisions. However, specific conditions must be met for conversion. If, for example, the note stipulates a qualified financing amount of $2 million, a $1 million series round will not trigger conversion. But a $3 million round will activate the conversion mechanics, allowing investors to convert their debt to equity, hopefully leading to profits upon an IPO or other favorable exit events.

Venture360 allows for easily tracking and managing conversions with just a few clicks.

Initial Public Offerings (IPOs)

For early-stage investors, a company's initial public offering (IPO) is a milestone of success. It's the culmination of their support during the company's growth, offering the potential for substantial returns. Yet, investors must navigate several steps before cashing in on their investment in a post-IPO scenario.

Shareholders often begin by approving the IPO, relinquishing certain rights that they had as preferred shareholders. This may entail converting all preferred stock to common stock or other necessary adjustments. Investors are then required to sign a Lock-up Agreement, preventing them from selling their shares immediately after the IPO, usually for a six-month period. This is to prevent a mass sell-off by private investors, which could undermine share values.

After converting to common stock and nearing the end of the Lock-up Period, investors must set up a brokerage account for trading on public exchanges. The shares must be transferred to this brokerage account. Upon the Lock-Up Period's expiration, investors can sell their shares, ideally realizing substantial profits.

Venture360’s expert team of fund administrators will manage waterfall analysis and asset distribution in any exit event. Curious to learn how we can further streamline your investor reporting and portfolio monitoring?